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Ritucharya
The word Ritucharya derives from “Ritu” meaning “Seasons” and “Charya” meaning “follow routine”. Ritucharya holds great significance in Ayurveda. According to this principle, the year is divided into two distinct kaals or periods based on the position of the Sun. These two kaals are:
Aadaan Kaal
This is also called Uttarayan or Northern Solstice. The word is derived from “Adaan” meaning “taking away”. During aadan kaal, the sun starts traveling in northward direction.
Aadaan kaal includes 3 seasons - Late Winter, Spring and Summer. The sun and wind become increasingly powerful during this period. The Sun takes away the strength of the people and the cooling qualities of the earth. The Sun gives hot & dry qualities to living being & plants. Increasing heat reduces strength of individuals. During this period, plants show predominance of bitter, astringent and pungent tastes.
Visarga Kaal
This is also called Dakshinayaan or Southern Solstice. This word is derived from “Visarga” meaning “giving”.
In Visarga kaal, people typically gain strength.
Visarga kaal includes 3 seasons - Rainy season, Autumn and Winter. 

Shishir (winter season) 2.     Basant (spring) 3.     Gresham(summers) 4.     Varsha (rainy) 5.     Sharad (autumn) 6.     Hemant (early winters
 

Diet/lifestyle in different seasons

 
Shishira (winter)
General condition
Mid-January to mid-March (approximately) is considered as Shishira Ritu (winter). During this season, the environment remains cold, along with cold wind. The predominant Rasa and Mahabhuta during this season are Tikta (bitter) andAkasha, respectively. The strength of the person becomes less, deposition of the Kapha Dosha occurs and Agni (catabolism) remains in a higher state.

Diet regimen
Foods having Amla (sour) as the predominant taste are preferred. Cereals and pulses, wheat/gram flour products, new rice, corn, and others, are advised. Ginger, garlic, Haritaki (fruits of Terminalia chebula), Pippali (fruits of Piper longum), sugarcane products, and milk and milk products are to be included in the diet.

Foods having Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter), Kashaya (astringent) predominant Rasa are to be avoided. Laghu (light) and Shita (cold) foods are advised to be prohibited.

Lifestyle
Massage with oil/powder/paste, bathing with lukewarm water, exposure to sunlight, wearing warm clothes are mentioned to follow.

Vata aggravating lifestyle like exposure to cold wind, excessive walking, sleep at late night, are to be avoided.

 

Vasant (Spring) -: 
Period - Mid March to mid May
Spring season comes in the period of Northern Solstice. During this period Sun rays become stronger as compare to winter. Winds become increasingly sharp. Nice green grass starts coming out of soil, tree are full of beautiful flowers with nice scent. Birds are singing as winter is gone and weather is warm again. 

This nice warm weather show its effects on the body. Increased heat in the atmosphere starts melting the accumulated kapha in the body. Drying effect increasing along with heat. Because of all these changes a person experiences signs and symptoms of kapha aggravation. 



The common signs & symptoms are:
Cough, Cold, sneezing
Rhinitis, bronchitis, Sinusitis 
Indigestion, Feeling of heaviness,
Nausea, excess salivation
On the other hand a person with balanced doshas enjoys this weather. He feels fresh ready to enjoy the season. His mind becomes active and starts enjoying blossoms and cool breezes. He gains the energy, enthusiasm and relaxing experience.  

Diet :


Kapha aggravation disturbs the digestive system hence person experience various digestive problems
Avoid heavy, oily, sour & sweet food & drinks. As these foods are naturally increase kapha, they will aggravate the present symptoms.
Time to eat: Kapha is predominant during day time 6am to 10 am so avoid excess eating during that period stick with a light breakfast. Avoid eating sweet, cold foods during that period. Make your lunch be the biggest meal of the day. Having lunch in pitta time will aid in digestion. 
Take in barley, wheat, rice bitter vegetables, mango.      
Spices such as coriander, cumin, turmeric, and fennel helpful stimulate the digestion and detoxify the skin. These spices pacify the aggravated kapha in the body. They stimulate the digestive fire or agni and restores the digestion. 

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