RESPIRATORY DISORDER

In humans the anatomical features of the respiratory system include airways, lungs, and the respiratory muscles. Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide are passively exchanged by diffusion between the gaseous external environment and the blood. This exchange process occurs in the alveolar region of the lungs.

The respiratory system can be subdivided into an upper respiratory tract and a lower respiratory tract based on anatomical features. The upper respiratory tract includes the nasal passages, pharynx and the larynx, while the lower respiratory tract is comprised of the trachea, the primary bronchi and lungs.

The primary function of the respiratory system is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. The respiratory system does this through breathing. When we breathe, we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. This exchange of gases is the respiratory systems means of getting oxygen to the blood.

Smoking and air pollution are two common causes of respiratory problems.

Common symptom with Respiratory Disorders Include:

Rhinitis

  • Sneezing
  • Bad odor in respiration
  • Headache, and itchy and watery red eyes
  • Itchy throat
  • Loss of smell
  • Blocked or congested nose

Chronic laryngitis

  • Hoarseness of the voice
  • Irritation of the throat
  • Spasmodic cough
  • Fever in some cases
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Change in voice or loss of voice

Pain in throat

Bronchitis ( kasroga.i.e cough)

  • Cough
  • Irritation in the throat
  • Tightness in the chest

Breathlessness

Bronchial asthma ( swasrog)

Tightness in the chest

Coughing

Wheezing

Shortness of breath

Sinusitis (nazla)

  • Sneezing
  • Heaviness in the head
  • Feeling of heaviness
  • Blocked or runny nose

Influenza

  • Cough
  • Aching muscles and headache
  • Fever
  • Running nose
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Chills

Tonsillitis

  • Cough
  • Swelling on tonsils
  • Pain in the throat and difficulty in swallowing

Fever

Disorders of the respiratory system are usually treated internally by a vaidya/ docter.