Gout (Vaatrakt)

Gout describes a number of disorders in which crystals of monosodium urate monohydrate derived from hyperuricaemic body fluids give rise to inflammatory arthritis (swollen and inflamed joints), tenosynovitis (swelling of muscle tendon and its covering sheath), bursitis (swelling in the spaces of joints) or cellulites (swelling with redness and fluid collection), urolithiasis (kidney stones) and  kidney disease.

In Ayurveda, gout is known as vatarakt. As the main dosha involved is vata and it affects rakt dhatu. Vitiation (impairment) of vata dosha and rakt dhatu is caused by increased intake of spicy, sour, salty, alkaline, heavy and penetrating foods. The impaired doshas travel through the channels of the body and get accumulated at the smaller joints causing damage to the tissues and bones of the joint resulting in vatarakt.

Excessive anger, waking up late in the night, sleeping in the daytime, excessive traveling, trauma, overindulgence in physical exercises, excessive sexual activity and suppressing the natural urges of the body can also lead to gout. Ayurvedic treatments emphasize herbal preparations, diet and routines that help to cleanse the blood.

Symptoms:
    • Fever
    • Itching
    • Burning sensation.
    • Change of color of the skin
    • Swollen joint, Pricking pain mostly night and redness in the fingers joints [like big toe] of the body.
    • Serum uric acid is elavated.

Causes:

When the human body breaks down the chemicals called purines, it produces uric acid. Purines are found naturally in our body as well as in food. Normally, uric acid dissolves and goes through the urine via the kidneys. But if the body is producing too much uric acid or if the body is not excreting enough uric acid, it starts accumulating in the body. This build up results in the formation of sharp, needle like crystals.When they accumulate in the joints or surrounding tissues, it causes pain, inflammation and swelling.

Diet & Lifestyle:
  • Avoid high-protein diet and excessive salt.
  • Avoid all sour, pungent, fried foods, red meat, alcohol and tobacco.
  • Take light and easily digestible food like steamed or boiled vegetables or vegetable broth.
  • Use wholegrain bread, cereals and increase intake of seasonal fruits (except banana).
  • Increase the use of garlic, ginger, cumin, fennel, coriander, cardamom and cinnamon.
  • Avoid dairy products, especially yogurt.
  • Do light and gentle exercises.
  • Massage the joints gently with lukewarm sesame oil for 20-30 minutes.
  • Avoid damp and cold places and keep the body warm.
  • Drink 8-10 glasses of water daily to cleanse toxins from the body.

Home Remedy:
  • Swallow 2-3 fresh, peeled garlic buds with water on an empty stomach in the morning.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter


Treatment with Remedies