Bronchial Asthma (swas rog)

Bronchial Asthma (known as Tamak Swasa in Ayurveda) is a chronic, intermittent, inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by episodes of dyspnoea, cough, air flow obstruction and wheezing. Psychological stress aggravates the condition.

Bronchial asthma is known as tamaka svassa in Ayurveda. This medical science emphasises on gastro-intestinal factors apart from the respiratory afflictions to be the cause for bronchial asthma. That is why in the preliminary stage of the disease or just before its onset, the patient complains of indigestion, constipation or diarrhoea.

It is mainly a kapha syndrome, though differentiation of humoural types also exists. In other words, bronchial asthma can be from any of the three humours—vaata, pitta or kapha. Most often, the disease is kapha in nature.

Vaata type asthma, is characterised by dry cough and wheezing. Additional symptoms are thirst, dry mouth, dry skin, constipation, anxiety and craving for warm drinks. Attacks occur predominantly at vaata time—dawn and dusk.

Pitta type asthma is characterised by cough and wheezing with yellow phlegm. Other symptoms are fever, sweating, irritability and need for cool air. Attacks are at pitta time—noon and midnight.

Kapha type asthma is characterised by cough and wheezing with abundant clear or white phlegm. The lungs are often congested producing a whistling sound.

Attacks are at kapha time—morning and evening.


Tightness in the chest



Shortness of breath


Aggravated Kapha (water) accumulates in the airways, leading to their narrowing and obstruction. This causes an interruption in the flow of the air in the lungs, causing shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing. This happens because of increased intake of Vata (air) and Kapha aggravating foods, internal weakness of lung tissues, and various diseases affecting the lungs. Causal factors include living in a cold and damp atmosphere, having cold or stale food or drink, eating foods that are not easily digestible, and ama (mucus) formation that blocks the respiratory channels causing difficulty in breathing.

Diet & Lifestyle:

Avoid smoking,dust & cold climate

  • Drinking herbal teas or sipping lukewarm water with honey is helpful.
  • To avoid ama formation, have freshly prepared warm meals at regular intervals.
  • Eat less than the full capacity of the stomach.
  • Heavy foods like dairy products, fried foods, pickles, cold foods, rice, beans and legumes should be avoided.

Home Remedy:

According to Ayurveda, the asthma of recent origin can be treated effectively but if it becomes chronic, it can only be managed. It is not the drug alone that can give relief from asthma but regulation of diet and the change of conceptual thinking can also play a great role. Along with proper medication and control over eating and living, asthmatics can get better and quick results.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter

Treatment with Remedies