Gallstone formation is the most common disorder of the biliary tract. The process of formation of gallstones is called cholelithiasis in modern medicine. Though men and women both suffer from gallstones, their prevalence is much more in middle aged women. Also the people with obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes or genetic predisposition are more prone to suffer from gallstones. Gallstones usually occur in conjunction with cholecystitis which means inflammation of the wall of the gall bladder.

Ayurveda refers to gallstones as pittashmari and has offered effective remedial measures against them.

Modern medicine has classified gallstones into three types viz. cholesterol stones, bile pigment stones and mixed stones. Their sizes can vary from few millimeters (like sand granules) to several centimeters (like a golf ball).

Ayurveda contributes gallstones to an imbalance in metabolism, the digestive system and other biochemical processes. Ayurveda practitioners believe Pitta is the elemental force that controls the digestive system. The thyroid, the primary organ responsible for metabolism, may also play a role in the formation of gallstones due to the link to slow metabolism.

    • Pain, which may be constant and persist for several days. Pain is usually felt in the lower left side of the abdomen, but may occur on the right.
    • Nausea and vomiting.
    • Fever.
    • Abdominal tenderness.
    • Constipation or, less commonly, diarrhea.


Its not clear what causes gallstones to form.

  • Your bile contains too much cholesterol.Normally, your bile contains enough chemicals to dissolve the cholesterol excreted by your liver. But if your liver excretes more cholesterol than your bile can dissolve, the excess cholesterol may form into crystals and eventually into stones.
  • Your bile contains too much bilirubin. Bilirubin is a chemical thats produced when your body breaks down red blood cells. Certain conditions cause your liver to make too much bilirubin, including liver cirrhosis, biliary tract infections and certain blood disorders. The excess bilirubin contributes to gallstone formation.
  • Your gallbladder doesnt empty correctly. If your gallbladder doesnt empty completely or often enough, bile may become very concentrated and this contributes to the formation of gallstones.

Diet & Lifestyle:

Since dietary factors often play a significant role in gallstone formation, following appropriate dietary regimen and lifestyle is of utmost importance. So following rules should be obeyed meticulously to prevent formation of gallstones and also to cure them:

  • Maintain proper food timings like breakfast before 9.30am, lunch before 1pm and dinner before 8.30pm. Late night meals and parties must be avoided.
  • Non-veg, fatty food, junk foods, sweets, chocolates, bread, cakes, milk products like curds, butter and khoya, carbonated drinks, alcohol must be strictly restricted.

Home Remedy:

Many people have gallstones but may never experience symptoms. However, if you have symptomatic gallstones that affect your quality of life, you can choose from invasive or noninvasive treatment. Cholecystectomy refers to the surgical removal of the gallbladder, the only treatment that guarantees no further occurrence of gallstones. 

Ayurvedic gallstone treatment includes detoxification, herbal medications and diet modifications. A common therapy is a liver flush, which can include olive oil, lemon juice and spices. Citrus fruits, vitamin C, tumeric and ginger may assist with reducing cholesterol in the gallbladder to prevent its buildup. You can also place a castor oil pack over the gallbladder area to purportedly alleviate pain and inflammation, improve circulation and promote healing of damaged tissues.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter

Treatment with Remedies