Anemia or anaemia  is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cell (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood.

In Ayurveda anaemia is compared with Pandurog.

In Sanskrit panduta means whitish colouration. Since anaemia is characterized by whitish tint on skin, eyes & nails, it is called Pandurog in Ayurveda. It is caused by improper diet, weak gastric fire, malnutrition, worms, loss of blood and eating soil. All such factors cause production of ama (toxins) in stomach which then blocks the channels of rasa dhatu. This results in paleness and other symptoms of pandurog. Depending upon which particular Dosha is vitiated, pandurog has been classified into Vataj, Pittaj, Kaphaj and Sannipatik types in Ayurveda. Vataj pandurog (caused mainly by vitiated Vayu) is marked by pale, blackish, dry skin, bodyache and constipation. Pittaj pandurog (caused mainly by vitiated Pitta) causes pale, yellowish skin, fever, giddiness, thirst, excess sweating and sour belching. Kaphaj pandurog (caused mainly by vitiated Kapha) displays itself through pale, whitish skin, heavines & swelling in body, vomitting, and breathlessness. Sannipatik pandurog is caused by vitiation of all three Doshas and therefore have mixed characteristics.

  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Breathlessness
  • Haemoglobin level below normal
  • Giddiness
  • Swelling around eyes
  • Whitish tint on skin, nails & eyes
  • Palpitations
  • Sleeplessness


Diminished production, increased destruction or severe loss of red blood cells leads to anaemia. Defficiency of iron, thyroxine, vitamins B12, C & folate results in diminution of RBC production while various infections, toxins, antibodies and congenital structural abnormalities lead to their increased destruction. Apart from this, diseases like hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, intestinal worms, various types of cancers, liver & kidney diseases and excessive bleeding (due to any reason) can cause anaemia. 

Diet & Lifestyle:

Avoid Heavy, spicy, fried food,Non-veg items, eggs.

  • Light meals, rice, lentils, soups, vegetables and fruits like pomegranate and melons are particularly recommended.
  • Food articles cooked in iron pots are good in iron deficiency anaemia.


Home Remedy:

Take half cup of apple juice mixed with half cup of beet root juice and add honey to this and stir well to mix. Have this juice twice a day.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter

Treatment with Remedies