Hypothyroidism may be caused by problems within the thyroid gland that causes insufficient circulation of the thyroid hormone.Symptoms show a decrease in metabolism, with the slowing of mental and physical activity. Patients may experience a variety of differing symptoms such as sensitivity to cold, dryness of the skin, constipation, anorexia, anginal pain, anemia and disordered menstrual function.

Ayurvedic treatment involves clearing these channels in order to balance body energies and restore the circulation of thyroxin. Herbal preparations are administered to increase the digestive fire at a cellular level, restoring proper metabolism.

There is no direct mention of the thyroid gland in Ayurveda, but a disease by the name Galaganda, characterized by neck swelling, is well known. The first description of neck swelling was mentioned in Atharva Veda (the last of the four Vedas) by the name apachi.  Charaka mentioned the disease under 20 sleshma vikaras. Sushruta {renowned ancient Indian surgeon}in Sareera Sthana has mentioned that of the seven layers of the skin, the sixth layer Rohini is the seat of Galaganda. In Nidana Sthana he described Galaganda as two encapsulated small or big swellings in the anterior angle of the neck, which hang like scrotum,whereas Charaka mentioned Galaganda as a solitary swelling.

  • Hypothyroidism signs and symptom may include:

    • Fatigue
    • Increased sensitivity to cold
    • Constipation
    • Dry skin
    • Unexplained weight gain
    • Puffy face
    • Hoarseness
    • Muscle weakness
    • Elevated blood cholesterol level
    • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
    • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
    • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
    • Thinning hair
    • Slowed heart rate
    • Depression
    • Impaired memory



The main causes of hypothyroidism can be classified into:

1. Primary (thyroid failure): Hypothyroidism, caused by the inability of the thyroid gland to make T3 and T4, is called primary hypothyroidism;
Primary hypothyroidism is a condition of decreased hormone production by the thyroid gland. It accounts for 95% of hypothyroidism cases; only five percent or less are suprathyroid in origin. The most common cause of primary hypothyroidism is:
       i) Iodine deficiency;  
      ii) AITDs (Autoimmune thyroid diseases);
      iii) Drugs; 
      iv) Iatrogenic; 
      v) Congenital. 
Transient hypothyroidism includes silent and part  partum  thyroiditis.

2. Secondary (due to pituitary TSH deficit); 
3. Tertiary (due to hypothalamic deficiency of TRH). 
Hypothyroidism is one of the most undiagnosed and misdiagnosed diseases, as its clinical features are notorious

Diet & Lifestyle:
  • Take adequate quantities of milk in your diet
  • Increase intake of rice, barley, Bengal gram, moong dal and cucumber.
  • Coconut oil helps in improving body metabolism in thyroid patients.
Avoid heavy and sour foods

Home Remedy:

Mix equal quantities of long pepper (Pipali), black pepper and dry ginger powder. Consume half teaspoon twice a day with lukewarm water.

Another important factor in the treatment of hypothyroidism is exercise. Exercise increases tissue sensitivity to the thyroid hormone, and stimulates thyroid gland secretion. An exercise regime of between 15-20 minutes per day benefits hypothyroidism. This exercise needs to be strenuous enough to raise the heartbeat, such as walking, swimming, running and cycling, except in the case of who also have generalized hypotonia, as they may be at risk of ligamental injury, particularly from excessive force across joints.  Physical and emotional stress inhibits thyroid gland secretion due to reduction of thyrotrophin output. So reduction of stress is essential for proper functioning of the gland.

Yoga -                  

SARVANGAASAN {shoulder stand}is the most suitable and effective asana for the thyroid gland. Enormous pressure is placed on the gland by this powerful posture. As the thyroid gland has a large blood supply, pressure has a dramatic effect on its function, improving circulation and squeezing out stagnant secretions. Also beneficial after Sarvangasana

Matsyasana (fish pose)

Halasna (plough pose).  Other effective asanas include 

Surya Namaskara (Sun salutation), 

Pavanamuktasana (wind relieving pose) with emphasis on head and neck exercises, 

Supta Vajrasana (sleeping thunderbolt pose) and all backward bending asanas.


The most effective pranayama is ujjayi. It acts on the throat, and its relaxing and stimulating effects are most probably due to stimulation of ancient reflex pathways within the throat area, which are controlled by the brain stem and hypothalamus. 

symptomatic treatment is based to suit individual cases, i.e. sthoulya (obesity), menstrual irregularities, etc.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter

Treatment with Remedies