Osteoarthritis (Sandhivat)-

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down over time.

Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint in your body, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

Osteoarthritis often gradually worsens, and no cure exists. But staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and other treatments may slow progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.

According to Ayurveda, Osteoarthritis occurs due to aggravation of Vata Dosha and is known as Sandhivata (Sandhi means the joint and Vata stands for Vata Dosha). Vata is an Ayurvedic humor that symbolizes air or wind and governs all movements in the body as well as mind. The condition of Sandhivata is caused when the activities of Vata increase inside the Sandhis or joints. Because Vata is dry in nature, it absorbs the fluidity from any part of the body. It is also destructive or catabolic in nature, which is why it causes destruction of the cartilages and reduction in the Synovial Fluid inside the joint capsule.

Ayurvedic treatment of Osteoarthritis not only prevents further deterioration in the joints but also rejuvenates damaged cartilages. Vata-alleviating treatments through specific herbs are also suggested for lubrication and strengthening of joints.

  • Pain-
  • Tenderness- Your joint may feel tender when you apply light pressure to it.
  • Stiffness -Joint stiffness may be most noticeable when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
  • Loss of flexibility- You may not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.
  • Grating sensation- You may hear or feel a grating sensation when you use the joint.
  • Bone spurs- These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, may form around the affected joint.
It is common in men over 40 years.     


Excessive consumption of dry, cold or stale food, exposure to severe cold and dry weather, excessive use of joint, obesity, joint injury, heredity and old age are the main causative factors.

Diet & Lifestyle:
  • Avoid carbonated drinks, preserved and packaged foods, and dry or cold food items.
  • Choose foods that are easy to digest and warming.
  • Try exercises that are easy on the joints such as walking, swimming and yoga.
  • Keep your weight at an optimum level, neither too overweight nor too underweight.
Do not withhold natural urges (such as stool, urinating, releasing gas etc.)

Home Remedy:
  • Use warm sesame oil to massage stiff and painful joints in the morning. Massage improves blood circulation and reduces inflammation and stiffness.
  • Put one teaspoon of fenugreek in a cup of water and set aside overnight. Then next morning, mix well and drink.
  • Boil 10-12 slices of ginger in 8 cups of water for 5 minutes and let it steep for another 10-15 minutes. Drink this tea at a warm temperature throughout the day.

Note: Medicine should be taken according to vaidya/docter

Treatment with Remedies